A database for soil invertebrate biological and ecological traits

The BETSI database: summarize and organize data on soil invertebrate traits


The BETSI database hosts soil invertebrate trait data.


All the BETSI database content is public 


The BETSI database has been built during the BETSI project.

What is the BETSI project?

  • A french project with a permanent consortium of approximately 15 researchers on soil ecology

  • It  means "Biological and Ecological Traits for Soil Invertebrates"

  • It began in February 2011 and finished in May 2014 (the database still operates)

  • The project was funded funding by the CESAB/FRB (Centre for the synthesis and anlysis of biodiversy / The Foundation for research on Biodiversity)

What were the main objectives?

  • Promote the use of trait-based approaches in soil invertebrate ecology

  • Give a reference structure to archive soil inverterbrate trait data

                                                            The BETSI consortium during a biannual BETSI workshop



To browse on BETSI database, fell free to click on the tabs on the left panel you are interested in and follow then the proposed procedures. All the BETSI database content is available after quick registration. Please contact BETSI administrators to obtain it.

  • Data exploration map: consult geolocalized field experiment data of the BETSI database. By clicking on a sample, you have access to a synthetic description of it.  

  • Data request: consult BETSI database data

  • Contribute data: contribute to BETSI database by inserting your own data

  • Tutorial: consult the learning guide for novice users of the BETSI database. It covers all the aspects of the database functioning: data contribution, data request.




  • T-SITA: consult the Thesaurus for Soil Invertebrate Trait-based Approaches. It is a controlled vocabulary of soil invertebrate trait names. It was connected to the BETSI database to manage trait data.

  • Trait information scanning: consult a scanning tool which collect relevant literature on soil invertebrate trait-based approches




  • Projet leader : Mickaël Hedde (INRA)
  • Post-doc : Benjamin Pey (INRA/FRB/CESAB)
  • Consortium members : Yvan Capowiez (INRA), Jérôme Cortet (CEFE, Montpellier 3 university), Thibaud Decaëns (Rouen university), Florence Dubs (IRD), Louis Deharveng (MNHN), Muriel Guernion (Rennes 1 university), Fabien Grumiaux (Lille 1 university), Johanne Nahmani (CEFE, Montpellier 2 university), Alain Pasquet (Lorraine university), Céline Pelosi (INRA), Céline Pernin (Lille 1 university), Jean-François Ponge (MNHN), Sandrine Salmon (MNHN)
  • Invited members : Walter Andruzzi (Wageningen university), Apolline Auclerc (Lorraine university), Charlène Briard (Rennes 1 university), Daniel Cluzeau (Rennes 1 university), Gaël Caro, Joana Frazao (Wageningen university), Charlène Heiniger, Sophie Joimel (Lorraine university), Emmanuel Lapied (Bioforsk), Lucia Santorufo (Lorraine university/Napoli 2 university)




- Hedde M., Nahmani J., Séré G., Auclerc A., Cortet J. How successful is early colonisation of a constructed Technosol by soil macroinvertebrates? (to be submitted soonly)

- Marliac G., Mazzia C., Pasquet A., Cornic J.-F., Hedde M., Capowiez Y. Study of the hidden variability within organic production and its effects on the communities of epigeal spiders in apple orchards. Agriculture, Environment and Ecosystem (in press)

- Pelosi C, Pey B, Caro G, Cluzeau D, Peigné J, Bertrand M, Hedde M. Dynamics of earthworm taxonomic and functional diversity in ploughed and no tilled cropping systems. Soil and Tillage Research (in press).


- Santorufo L., Cortet J., Nahmani J., Pernin C., Salmon S., Pernot A., Morel JL, Maisto G. (2015) Responses of functional and taxonomic collembolan community structure to site management in Mediterranean urban and surrounding areas. European Journal of Soil Biology 70: 46-57

- Henneron, L., Bernard, L., Hedde, M., Pelosi, C., Villenave, C., Chenu, C., Bertrand, M. and Blanchart, E. (2015) Long-term enhancement effect of conservation and organic cropping systems on soil biota in northern France - Implication for assessing the effect of alternative farming systems on soil quality. Agriculture for Sustainable Development, 35 (1): 169-181

- Hedde M, Mazzia C, Pey B, Decaëns T, Nahmani J, Thénard J, Capowiez Y (2015) Orchard protection strategies influence both functional and taxonomic ground beetle diversity. Applied Soil Ecology, 8: 26-31.

- Mazzia C, Pasquet A, Caro G, Thénard J, Cornic J-F, Hedde M, Capowiez Y (2015) The impact of management strategies in apple orchards on the structural and functional diversity of epigeal spiders. Ecotoxicology, 24:616–625


- Salmon, S., Ponge, J.F., Gachet, S., Deharveng, L., Lefebvre, N., Delabrosse, F. (2014). Linking species, traits and habitat characteristics of Collembola at European scale. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 75 : 73-85.

- Pey, B., Nahmani, J., Auclerc, A., Capowiez, Y., Cluzeau, D., Cortet, J., Decaëns, T., Deharveng, L., Dubs, F., Joimel, S., Guernion, M., Grumiaux, F., Laporte, M.-A., Pasquet, A., Pelosi, C., Pernin, C., Ponge, J.-F., Salmon, S., Santorufo, L. , Hedde, M (2014) Current use of and future needs for soil invertebrate functional traits in community ecology. Basic and Applied Ecology, 15: 194-206

- Pey, B., Nahmani, J., Auclerc, A., Capowiez, Y., Cluzeau, D., Cortet, J., Decaëns, T., Deharveng, L., Dubs, F., Joimel, S., Guernion, M., Grumiaux, F., Laporte, M.-A., Pasquet, A., Pelosi, C., Pernin, C., Ponge, J.-F., Salmon, S., Santorufo, L., Hedde, M. (2014) A thesaurus for soil invertebrate trait-based approaches. PLOS One, 9 (10),  e108985.

- Pelosi C, Pey B, Hedde M, Caro G, Capowiez Y, Guernion M, Peigné, Piron D, Bertrand M;, Cluzeau D (2014) Reducing tillage in cultivated fields increases earthworm functional diversity. Applied Soil Ecology 15(3): 194-206

- Santorufo L, Cortet J, Arena C, Goudon R, Rakoto A, Morel J-L, Maisto G (2014) An assessment of the influence of the urban environment on collembolan communities in soils using taxonomy- and trait-based approaches, Applied Soil Ecology, 78:48-56

- Duflot R, Romain G, Ernoult A, Aviron S, Burel F (2014) Lanscape heterogeneity as an ecological filter of species traits, Acta Oecologica, 56, 19-26.

2013 and before (pre-BETSI)

- Hedde M, van Oort F., Renouf E., Thénard J., Lamy I. (2013) Dynamics of soil fauna after plantation of perennial energy crops on polluted soils. Applied Soil Ecology, 66: 29-39

- Hedde M, van Oort F., Boudon E., Fabien A., Lamy I. (2013) Responses of soil macroinvertebrate communities to Miscanthus cropping in different trace metal contaminated soils. Biomass and Bioenergy, 55: 122-129

- Hedde M, van Oort F, Lamy I. (2012) Functional traits of soil invertebrates as indicators for exposure to soil disturbance. Environmental Pollution 164, 59-65

- Pérès G, Vandenbulcke F, Guernion M, Hedde M, Beguiristain T, Douay F, Houot S, Piron D, Richard A, Bispo A, Grand C, Galsomies L and Cluzeau D. (2011) Earthworm indicators as tools for soil monitoring, characterization and risk assessment. An example from the national Bioindicator programme (France). Pedobiologia, 54S: S77-S87